Electric cars – the way forward?

An electric car is an alternative to a conventional car that uses high performance batteries and electric motors to power the car, rather than an internal combustion engine. There are two types of electric car; full electric cars and hybrid cars. This article focuses on full electric cars, which rely solely on electricity. These cars tend to be highly reliable, as they contain far fewer parts than conventional cars, so there is much less that can go wrong. They have no engine, no fuel tank and no exhaust. They are also automatic, so have no transmission and no clutch. There is no need to perform regular maintenance such as oil changes and top ups, so electric cars are easier to run. They are cheaper than standard cars, too. A commonly quoted figure is $2-4 for a full charge. That’s the equivalent of about £1-2! A full charge takes around 6 hours, and most owners of these cars simply charge them in their garage overnight. The question that most new buyers of these vehicles usually ask is “how far can I drive before the car needs to be recharged?” The answer depends on the car, but tends to be in the range of 125 to 200 miles on full batteries. Because electric vehicles contain fewer parts than their combustion based counterparts, they are often thought to be much lighter. However, the batteries required to power these cars are very dense, and the car often ends up being as heavy, if not heavier, than a conventional car. Currently, there is little information on the safety of electric cars compared to standard vehicles, but it is safe to say that they are no more dangerous, and many people believe that they are in fact much safer.

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